Penetration Tests – Important Points and Pricing
Penetration testing is usually done by organizations to confirm the strength of their security posture by trained cybersecurity experts. It includes a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the system, its extensions, functions, and stages of accessibility to find out security risks or vulnerabilities that can be exploited by a hacker to gain control of the system.
While internal vapt security tests may be conducted by the organization’s IT team, a detailed and successful procedure is ideally done by a third-party group of experts who don’t have prior knowledge of the organizational network and can work off their expertise of similar situations to hack the system and find out its flaws.
What pricing structures can you expect regarding penetration testing?
Usually, it is difficult to give a precise figure for the penetration test of a system – as it depends on the vulnerabilities found, the extent of hacking, and the improvements made along the process – a rough figure should get us started on the right path. Prices can always differ with other organizations depending on the number of employees on the job, the quality of testing processes and its comprehensiveness, ability to think quickly and adjust the testing procedure, to name a few parameters.
There are also a few certification standards that need to be met, according to the type of penetration test and the industry to which the organization belongs to, so do make a note of this as well.
Also remember, a combination of automated and manual penetration testing techniques is the best general solution. The former takes charge of repetitive tasks such as scanning of ports, parameter manipulation, brute force attacks, etc, while the latter explore exploitation of business logic flaws, complex relationships between attack vectors and possible outcomes.
Note: In the table mentioned below, there are different categories mentioned according to affordable and need-based services required by the client.
Category-1 is the most affordable penetration testing package available without compromising on the standard quality. You’re assured a minimum level of experience with the team hired to do the testing and a minimum number of verified hours of work in this field.
All members have sufficient skills, access to senior staff for further guidance, and will be accountable to both the firm and the organization. The basic pricing package starts from $1000.
Category-2 provides a standard testing option with a mix of low costs and better quality. The team hired to do the testing process will be led by a professional tester with independent experience on the job and assigns tasks per individual based on the criticality of the situation and their talents.
This package has better skills to deal with more complex issues, faulty coding or physical issues. The basic pricing package starts from $3000.
Category-3 is the most premium option provided for the clients who require greater skills on the testing procedure, better accountability, and faster results. There is equal dependence on automated vulnerability assessment tools and manual experience to deal with the procedure, and included better and guaranteed detection of vulnerabilities, remedial measures, interpretation of results and their impact for the organization, and responsibility for dealing with all outcomes of the penetration testing procedure. The basic pricing package starts from $5000.
Category type Description of test Pricing (approx.)
Category-1 External network penetration test (fixed no.of IP addresses) $2000+
Black box-based external web application penetration testing $2500+
Combination – black box testing + external web application penetration test + host and network configuration testing of web hosting service $3000+
Combination – same as above + testing of horizontal and vertical access $4000+
Category-2 All categories of services as above $5000 – $7000
Category-3 All categories of services as above $8000 – $10000
There are Pen testing pricing structures available for individual services that can be combined based on the need of the hour.
Understanding the Reasons Behind Emergency Room Errors and What to Do When They Happen
Recent studies show that medical errors are among the most common causes of injuries and fatalities in the United States. Additionally, they show that about 16% of all patients who visit the emergency room are victims of medical errors. These errors can occur elsewhere in a hospital or healthcare setting, but we will explore why they happen in emergency rooms specifically.
Frequent Interruptions Coupled with a Chaotic Environment
The emergency room is very different from other healthcare settings because doctors have to deal with frequent interruptions and are often working with incomplete or incorrect information. The chaos many doctors have to deal with in such settings, which are usually fast-paced in their nature, can also lead to information processing errors, which is especially true in cases where there are a lot of interruptions.
These types of issues are very common in emergency rooms due to their chaotic and fast-paced nature. Issues leading to medical errors in emergency rooms can occur in both written and verbal communication and between different types of healthcare professionals.
These problems can be further compounded by doctors who rely on written communication and where there is inadequate information to that end. If other healthcare professionals communicate poorly and doctors have incomplete or incorrect information, there is a significant risk of medical errors.
Even with the right procedures, processes, and policies in place, people can ignore them or not follow them fully, especially in a fluid environment such as an emergency room. An example is the poor documentation we have mentioned above or mislabeling of specimens which leads to a diagnosis going to the wrong person.
Knowledge-based errors can also occur in cases where a healthcare professional has inadequate training or knowledge to provide the required level of care. This can lead to errors or oversight, sometimes rising to the level of medical malpractice.
Patients with Abnormal Complaints
Abnormal complaints can throw doctors off which makes them start looking for a condition or illness in the wrong place. This is why people who come to emergency rooms with such complaints form a significant percentage of people who are victims of medical errors.
To avoid this, it is best to call in specialists who might be able to link these abnormal complaints to the right diagnosis. Healthcare professionals should also do as many tests as possible to ensure that the doctor is right when they make a diagnosis.
What to Do in Case of Emergency Room Medical Errors
If a medical error causes serious injury or death, you or a loved one could be entitled to compensation should you open a wrongful death or medical malpractice suit. It is important to contact attorneys with experience handling claims for emergency room errors so you can hold an individual or institution liable for the damage that has occurred.
Healthcare professionals can do more to protect their patients from emergency room medical errors by understanding why they happen. Individuals and their loved ones are also entitled to compensation if a healthcare processional’s negligence leads to serious injury or death.
The Side Effects of Radiotherapy on the Throat
Radiation therapy is a common treatment for cancer, but it can also have side effects that affect the throat. This article will discuss how the throat is impacted and how to manage the side effects of treatment.
Dryness and Irritation
One of the most prevalent side effects of radiotherapy on the throat is dryness and irritation. The radiation can cause drying and cracking in the mucous membranes that line the throat. This can lead to pain and burning sensations when speaking, swallowing, or eating. It may also become difficult to keep food down due to discomfort. To help alleviate this symptom, patients should try drinking plenty of fluids throughout their treatment process and use a humidifier in their home to moisten mucus membranes.
Another potential side effect of radiotherapy on the throat is swelling in the area where radiation is being administered. This swelling typically lasts several weeks after radiation treatments have ended, during which time swallowing can be difficult or painful, as food may get stuck in the swollen parts of the throat. To deal with these issues, doctors will often prescribe steroids or anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain and inflammation associated with swelling in the throat area.
Since radiation treatments specifically target cells that are rapidly growing or dividing, they can damage healthy cells as well as cancerous ones, leading to nausea and vomiting as a result of both the physical and psychological stress caused by treatments. To combat these symptoms, anti-nausea medications can be taken before each treatment session to help reduce nausea levels and make it more bearable for patients receiving radiation therapy for their cancer.
Hoarseness and Weak Voice
Another potential side effect caused by radiotherapy on the throat is hoarseness or a weak voice due to damage caused by radiation or swelling from treatment sessions. This puts pressure on vocal cords resulting in difficulty speaking normally or at all in some cases. Speech therapy may be recommended for hoarse or weak voices caused by radiotherapy. Medications such as corticosteroids may help. These reduce inflammation and restore normal functioning within vocal cords that have been damaged by radiation exposure during cancer treatments.
Difficulty swallowing is another very common issue experienced by those who have undergone radiation therapy for cancer in or around their throats, particularly if they had existing medical conditions such as a stroke prior to beginning radiation treatments. Radiation treatment will complicate things further by making swallowing more challenging due to either physical impairments caused by the strokes combined with damage inflicted upon nerves endings directly related to the muscular control essential for swallowing. It can also make it difficult to ingest any food and beverages on a regular basis without feeling discomfort. Thickening gels can help manage dysphagia symptoms; patients can use SimplyThick gel for thickening food and beverages.
Radiotherapy has many potential side effects when used to treat cancers in and around the throat area but not all people experience the same issues.
4 Ways Seniors Can Stay Active
Are you a senior who is living a rather sedentary lifestyle? Do you often find yourself going days, even a full week with little to no physical activity? It’s a common issue that many seniors face but it can be very detrimental to their overall health. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 28% of people age 50 and older live a physically inactive lifestyle. What’s even more alarming is that inactivity can increase a person’s risk of developing many health issues such as heart disease, depression, cardiovascular disease, reduced mobility, memory lapses, lowered life expectancy and more.
If you’re a senior who recognizes the importance of activity but aren’t sure how to introduce it into your lifestyle, here are some solutions that can help.
Walking Is Often the Best Place to Start
You may be under the impression that you need to engage in high-impact exercise to gain any type of results, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. One of the best exercises for seniors is walking. There’s no need to jog or even speed walk; just pick a pace that is comfortable and safe for you. The key is to make it a regular activity – daily – as that’s how you get results.
Walking can be done indoors or outdoors, whatever you prefer. You may want to purchase a wearable fitness tracker to count steps and track other health parameters. Many people find this helps them set daily fitness goals and make sure they are meeting them.
Join a Senior Sports or Activity Club
Most cities and towns have organized senior sports and activities that can also get you up and moving. The nice thing about these clubs is that there is a social aspect involved, so you’ll be working out your body while feeding your mind with fun and engaging experiences. It’s a great way to meet other seniors in your area and form new bonds.
Begin the Day with Light Stretches
Want to start the day off on the right foot? Try doing light stretches in the morning. This can help build strength and flexibility which will aid in balance and overall support. You can speak to your doctor about what the best stretches are for you, and then build a routine.
Assisted Living Facilities Can Offer a Wide Array of Activities
Sometimes the best solution is to consider moving to an assisted living facility for seniors. These types of facilities excel in offering active senior living options, providing residents with an array of engaging activities. There is typically a daily program offered to residents that is geared to exercise their body and mind – keeping them healthy in every sense. And because it is an assisted living facility, the programs are designed for them to be able to do, meaning nothing will be too hard or strenuous for them.
The fact is that living a sedentary lifestyle is one of the worst things seniors can do for their physical and mental well-being. Turning things around is possible as long as you prioritize daily activities.
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