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How to Use a Digital Thermometer

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Digital thermometers provide a quick way to read a temperature and are usually very simple to use. Digital thermometers can take a temperature either by being placed in the armpit (axillary) or in the mouth (orally). There are some digital thermometers that are also specifically designed to be placed in the rectum (rectally) for very young children or infants.

The Proper Way To Handle A Digital Thermometer

Digital Thermometer
Image Source – Unsplash.com
Sanitation is of vital importance when taking a temperature. Hands should be washed prior to handing a digital thermometer, which should also be disinfected both prior to and after it has been used. Separate thermometers should also be used for use in the armpit and mouth.

The temperature of a fever can vary slightly depending on which area is being measured, though a 100 degree Fahrenheit is usually a sure sign that a fever is present.

Oral Temperature Measurement

Use an alcohol swab with clean hands to ensure the digital thermometer is properly sanitized, and then switch it on. The tip of the digital thermometer should be placed under the tongue and then moved toward the rear of the mouth.

The mouth should then be closed and the lips kept together until the device gives a signal that measuring has been completed. The thermometer should then be removed and the temperature reading examined to determined whether or not you or the patient has a fever.

An alcohol swab should then be used to again disinfect the digital thermometer, after which it should be returned to a clean case and the user should thoroughly wash their hands.

Axillary Temperature Measurement

Wash hands and sanitize the digital thermometer with an alcohol swab as with oral temperature measurement, and then use a towel to gently wipe and clean the armpit. The digital thermometer can then be placed under the armpit, ensuring that only skin is touched by the device rather than clothing.

The arm should then be lowered down over the device, ensuring it is pressed into position and kept down until the thermometer signals that the process of measurement has concluded.

The thermometer can then be removed and the screen read to check the temperature. The digital thermometer should then be disinfected with an alcohol swab, and returned to a clean case.

Rectal Temperature Measurement

Make use of an alcohol swab with clean hands to ensure the digital thermometer has been sanitized, and then lubricate its tip with petroleum jelly and turn it on. Place your child or baby gently on his or her back, lifting up their thighs.

The thermometer should then be carefully inserted into the rectum by just a half to one inch. The thermometer should be held until a signal is given to indicate reading completion, after which it can be removed and read. The thermometer should then be disinfected and returned to a clean case, and hands again washed.

None of the measurement locations are better than any other, but it is very important that the correct steps are taken when using a digital thermometer to ensure the reading you receive is an accurate one.

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5 Best React JS UI Frameworks for Swift Prototyping

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Rowan Bunning, the Australian pioneer of Scrum has said, “…the agile movement is part of a larger movement towards more humane and dynamic workplaces in the 21st century.” Every person who knows Agile well will agree that Agile turns the focus on the people from the processes and systems. Somehow, this has proved to work as far as increasing efficiency is concerned.

Those who do not know much about Scrum may wonder why the discussion about Agile, so let us have a tiny discussion on that. Originating somewhere around the ’70s with an emphasis on evolutionary project management and adaptive software development, Agile became truly popular in the 21st century. So did Scrum, with people in businesses starting to talk about it, and even about the CSM and CSPO course that proved as an entry in the world of Scrum.

Scrum, the main topic of our discussion, is a framework based on the agile approach. It follows the agile principles of being adaptive throughout the development process by having self-organizing teams that set and attain smaller goals.

Before speaking about the market demand for Scrum and Scrum professionals, it is interesting to have a look at how Scrum is implemented. Have a look at the image below

Essential Features of Scrum that Make It a Success

The traditional methods of product development had goals that were far set and rigid. Whenever obvious problems such as changes in requirements by customers came, the whole goal had to be rearranged from the beginning, making it difficult to adjust. Additionally, having specific team members working on specific tasks meant slow down or roadblocks in the absence of a particular member.

Scrum overcomes the above problems to an almost complete extent by having teams where members can undertake multiple tasks, and are not weighed down by long term single large goals. The focus is to deliver a valuable product in increments with short term goals. This brings flexibility and adaptability to changes.

One of the important principles of Scrum is delivering high-quality software/products. It is also mentioned in the Scrum Manifesto that working software/product is the primary measure of success. Interestingly, having self-organizing teams makes the team more accountable for its performance, as it is no more tied in conventional processes and systems.

This accountability acts as a factor in the improvement in product quality.

  • Iterative and incremental

As mentioned in point 1, having a single large goal is dependent on may internal as well as external factors and has a high chance of failure in achieving in terms of time or quality. Scrum operates in time-boxed iterations called Sprints, as seen in the image above.

Sprints are when smaller goals are set, always less than one month, usually of a week or two, and the focus is on achieving that goal. This ensures higher flexibility and clarity. If there are flaws in the approach towards a product’s development, they are surfaced in these sprints and accordingly, actions can be taken immediately. This makes the whole process less vulnerable to failure. Hence it is rightly said that Scrum is not a problem-solving framework, but a problem surfacing framework.

Scrum Master and Product Owner are in charge of communicating everything within and outside of the team. A core value of Scrum is transparency, wherein product owners are required to communicate the true progress of the project with all the stakeholders.

This builds trust and makes the process more effective.

The Market and Scrum

Take a look at the pie chart below.

Agile has become a widely used approach in many industries, especially those that deal with software development. Among the usage of Agile frameworks, it can be seen from the above image that Scrum is the undoubted leader with way over half the organizations using pure Scrum. Add the hybrid Scrum frameworks and the number goes even higher.

Numbers speak better than words, and we cannot doubt the growing demand of Scrum, and hence the professionals in Scrum. Scrum professionals are certified product development professionals where the certification comes from a global Scrum authority such as the Scrum Alliance.

To make a career in Scrum, one can choose to become a Scrum developer, which is a basic part of the team, or a Scrum Master, who operates as the servant-leader to the Scrum team, clearing obstacles and maintaining clarity, or a Scrum Product Owner, who creates and communicates a vision of what is to be done and also acts as a communicator to all stakeholders.

In any case, a certification is a must and a training course, for e.g., a Certified Scrum Product Owner Certification  is highly recommended.

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The Indisputable Worth of Scrum and Scrum Professionals

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Rowan Bunning, the Australian pioneer of Scrum has said, “…the agile movement is part of a larger movement towards more humane and dynamic workplaces in the 21st century.” Every person who knows Agile well will agree that Agile turns the focus on the people from the processes and systems. Somehow, this has proved to work as far as increasing efficiency is concerned.

Those who do not know much about Scrum may wonder why the discussion about Agile, so let us have a tiny discussion on that. Originating somewhere around the ’70s with an emphasis on evolutionary project management and adaptive software development, Agile became truly popular in the 21st century. So did Scrum, with people in businesses starting to talk about it, and even about the CSM and CSPO course that proved as an entry in the world of Scrum.

Scrum, the main topic of our discussion, is a framework based on the agile approach. It follows the agile principles of being adaptive throughout the development process by having self-organizing teams that set and attain smaller goals.

Before speaking about the market demand for Scrum and Scrum professionals, it is interesting to have a look at how Scrum is implemented. Have a look at the image below

Essential Features of Scrum that Make It a Success

The traditional methods of product development had goals that were far set and rigid. Whenever obvious problems such as changes in requirements by customers came, the whole goal had to be rearranged from the beginning, making it difficult to adjust. Additionally, having specific team members working on specific tasks meant slow down or roadblocks in the absence of a particular member.

Scrum overcomes the above problems to an almost complete extent by having teams where members can undertake multiple tasks, and are not weighed down by long term single large goals. The focus is to deliver a valuable product in increments with short term goals. This brings flexibility and adaptability to changes.

One of the important principles of Scrum is delivering high-quality software/products. It is also mentioned in the Scrum Manifesto that working software/product is the primary measure of success. Interestingly, having self-organizing teams makes the team more accountable for its performance, as it is no more tied in conventional processes and systems.

This accountability acts as a factor in the improvement in product quality.

  • Iterative and incremental

As mentioned in point 1, having a single large goal is dependent on may internal as well as external factors and has a high chance of failure in achieving in terms of time or quality. Scrum operates in time-boxed iterations called Sprints, as seen in the image above.

Sprints are when smaller goals are set, always less than one month, usually of a week or two, and the focus is on achieving that goal. This ensures higher flexibility and clarity. If there are flaws in the approach towards a product’s development, they are surfaced in these sprints and accordingly, actions can be taken immediately. This makes the whole process less vulnerable to failure. Hence it is rightly said that Scrum is not a problem-solving framework, but a problem surfacing framework.

Scrum Master and Product Owner are in charge of communicating everything within and outside of the team. A core value of Scrum is transparency, wherein product owners are required to communicate the true progress of the project with all the stakeholders.

This builds trust and makes the process more effective.

The Market and Scrum

Take a look at the pie chart below.

Agile has become a widely used approach in many industries, especially those that deal with software development. Among the usage of Agile frameworks, it can be seen from the above image that Scrum is the undoubted leader with way over half the organizations using pure Scrum. Add the hybrid Scrum frameworks and the number goes even higher.

Numbers speak better than words, and we cannot doubt the growing demand of Scrum, and hence the professionals in Scrum. Scrum professionals are certified product development professionals where the certification comes from a global Scrum authority such as the Scrum Alliance.

To make a career in Scrum, one can choose to become a Scrum developer, which is a basic part of the team, or a Scrum Master, who operates as the servant-leader to the Scrum team, clearing obstacles and maintaining clarity, or a Scrum Product Owner, who creates and communicates a vision of what is to be done and also acts as a communicator to all stakeholders.

In any case, a certification is a must and a training course, for e.g., a Certified Scrum Product Owner Certification  is highly recommended.

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The New Version of Adobe Reader – Best PDF Software for Windows 10

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Adobe Reader has been one of the most popular and recommended tools in the last two decades when it comes to viewing PDFs, simply because it worked well and was easy and quick to install.

In the last few years, a new PDF tool has been released by Adobe in order to keep their services adapted to the constantly evolving necessities of their users. Because of this, they have created Adobe Acrobat Reader DC, which is a completely improved and full of features on paid versions newer Adobe Reader. This software comes with many upgraded options, but at the same, it’s completely free to download and use to fit the most common PDF tasks without paying a dime. So if you are looking for adobe reader for windows 10 you could install the standard Adobe Reader or the greatly improved Adobe Acrobat Reader DC. This last one takes a bit more of storage space we must say.

We can find many new features on the new Adobe Reader DC, however, we are required to buy some of the upgraded versions and pay for it monthly so unlock all of these features that we can find them on the section “Tools” on the top of our Adobe Acrobat Reader DC.

  • Adding comments to an existing PDF
  • Edit the PDF.
  • Export the PDF to other formats such as Microsoft Word or Excel.
  • Create a new PDF from a different format.
  • Share files for giving others the possibility of viewing or reviewing them and track their responses.
  • Add stamps to a PDF file such as “approved” or “draft.”
  • Take measures such as the distance, the area or the perimeter of objects in the PDF.
  • Sign and certify documents digitally to validate their authenticity
  • Organize pages using the insert, rotate or extract tools.
  • Delete specific data or hidden text as well as graphics.
  • Protect to prevent other people from copying and editing the information in your PDFs.
  • Prepare Form allows us to convert formats such as scanned forms to PDF format
  • Optimization of a PDF file, allowing us to reduce the size of the file using compression techniques, enable the fast web view and quickly modify the font options as well as control images
  • Enhance Scans, to turn scans or photos into PDFs with selectable text.
  • Print Production: Preview and prepare PDF files for high-end production.
  • PDF Standards: allowing us to make of our PDF file a file complying with the ISO standards
  • Create a custom tool, to modify and create our new collection of tools so we can use them for ourselves or share them with other people.
  • Compare files, to quickly find and clearly see the differences between two different PDF files.
  • Action wizard, for helping us automatize some of our daily PDF-related tasks
  • Accessibility: To make our PDFs to they meet the necessities of people with disabilities
  • Rich Media: Easily insert audio, video and interactive elements in our PDFs
  • Index: To help, keep our PDF files organized using different categories to store them.
  • Send for review: Send a petition to people to check and give you a response about your PDF file.
  • JavaScript: To extend the functionality of our PDF as well as connect to JavaScript databases

As we can see, the number of improvements of the new Adobe Reader DC is certainly amazing compared to his older version. Specially the fact that we can use so many features makes it specially worth it if you are using it for professional purposes, it makes it easily the best PDF software available at the moment, and probably for many years to come.

Adobe Acrobat Reader DC is the adobe reader for windows 10 you are looking for, once you try it you won’t want to switch back to any other similar software. There are a few other similar options available but most of these options don’t give us access to half of the features that Adobe Acrobat Reader DC is giving us with the paid versions.

We highly recommend using Adobe Acrobat Reader DC for all your PDF-related tasks!

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