Eyesight is a gift by nature that helps you to see and enjoy the world. However, certain factors can affect the eyes and cause blurring, pain, or even worse, loss of eyesight. When you experience nerve pain, an appropriate case of action would be to go for a retinal eye exam. The exam helps your ophthalmologist to diagnose an eye disease or any other illness, not eye-related.
Some of the diseases that affect the eyes do not show symptoms early and can cause irreparable damage if not checked early. Going for a retinal eye exam is beneficial as it can help detect several diseases such as:
If you have diabetes, it is crucial to have a retinal eye test at least once a year. According to the Neuropathy Relief Guide, diabetes is one of the diseases that can cause damage to the eyes’ small blood vessels due to high blood sugar. The damage to the blood vessels can cause scar tissue, bleeding, and retinal detachment.
You need to visit an ophthalmologist for retinal imaging. A regular eye test may not detect diabetic retinopathy. The diagnosis can show any damage to the blood vessels if there is any alteration in their function or structure. If diabetic retinopathy is detected, you need the help of a medical doctor. You could also contact an ophthalmologist.
Glaucoma is a severe eye disease that affects the optic nerve, which, if not treated, can lead to blindness. If detected early, glaucoma requires treatment to manage it and avoid blindness but not to eradicate it. With glaucoma, you may not experience any symptoms as it affects the eye gradually.
You may notice a problem with your eyesight when the disease has advanced. It is for these reasons that an eye test is crucial when you have nerve pain. If detected early during the diagnosis, administering glaucoma treatment can help heal the condition and avoid adverse effects.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, may not be easily detected. It can cause narrowing of the eyes’ blood vessels and retinal spots. As a result, it can deteriorate and cause serious illnesses. They include heart disease, stroke, and hypertensive retinopathy.
Taking a retinal test can help diagnose high blood pressure in the eyes. If hypertension is detected early, treatment can commence. This will reduce the chances of suffering from hypertensive retinopathy. The disease does not show symptoms early, and in its advanced stage, can cause visual field defects and blurred vision.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
As the name suggests, the disease mostly affects people over the age of 60 years. The signs are not easily noticeable in its early stages. If no checkup is done to detect it early, it can cause damage to the eyes or, worse, total sight loss. Unclear vision, perceiving colors differently, and blurry vision making driving or reading the fine print a problem, are some of the symptoms related to macular degeneration.
The macula, your retina’s small central position, wearing down is the cause of this disease. There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry and wet. The dry form causes yellow deposits in the macula, and as they increase, they damage vision when you read. The wet form occurs when the growth of blood vessels takes place below the macula, distorting your vision.
If left untreated, the two forms can cause loss of vision to the central area of your eye permanently. It has, therefore, vital to visit your eye doctor at least once a year to help detect the illness.
Going for early eye tests can help your ophthalmologist detect cancer before it spreads to its later stages. Melanoma of the eye is a type of cancer that affects the eyes. If blood vessels are enlarging on the outer eye, it could be an indication of a tumor or any other condition.
The eye tests help the doctor diagnose if the tumor is cancerous through taking a biopsy. If the results show there is cancer, the test can tell at what stage it is at. Treatment can then start, and you need to go back for check up to see if it is working.
Further tests can help reveal if the melanoma is likely to occur after administering treatment. Cancer is a severe illness, especially in its latter stages, and with melanoma, it can spread from the eyes to the lungs and other body organs. The only way to be sure you are free of any illness is to go for retinal exams with a professional doctor.